Area of action
On- and off-road engines
Land transport emissions in 2010 has been estimated to be the third most important source of BC-related problems in the Arctic (Sand et al. 2016). Most of these emissions originate from on- and off-road diesel engines.
Annual engine exhaust maintenance testingView Action
Stricter regulation of international trade of second-hand vehiclesView Action
Encourage countries to control and stop use of AdBlue emulators and chip engine tuning equipmentView Action
4 Harmonisation and enforcement of engine emission standards in the Arctic regionView Action
Emissions from diesel transport, especially in Europe and Russia, have strong effect on arctic warming (Lund et al. 2014). Recent estimates show that Russian on-road transport black carbon emissions can be expected to go down with some 25-30% between 2010 and 2030, and that off-road vehicles currently are the largest source of black carbon emissions in the Russian Arctic (Kholod and Evans 2016a, Kholod and Evans 2016b).
There are four actions identified within the Area of action On- and off-road engines. As a common theme, the key to this area of action is changing local practices (technical specifications) to optimise engine performance and thereby reduce black carbon emissions.